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odissi dance

What is odissi dance?

To know all about odissi dance first need to know odissi dance, The part of Indian classical dance form is odissi dance style generated from odisha, also mentioned as Orissi name in chronic literature, and a main old Indian classical dance which is developed from Hindu temples in oddisa – a eastern state of India. in Odissi history, was performed by female, and also articulated devotional novel or mental ideas, especially of Vaishnavism (Vishnu as Jagannath). Odissi drama keep as well articulated ideas of another convention namely them respective to Hindu lord Shiva or Surya, also like Hindu deity (Shaktism).

Odissi dance

The principled base of Odissi footprints to the old Sanskrit recital Natya Shastra, its entity in oldness bear out by dance poses in the statue of Odissi temples, and archeological sites respective to Hinduism, Buddhism or Jainism. during the Islamic rule era declined of Odissi dance sequence, and was compressed by British law. The compression was contradicted by Indians, for its revival, remake and spread after India obtained liberty from the colonist law. Odissi is the traditionally a dance or play style of performance art, where the maestro or melodist play out a fictional novel, a dreamy news and religious stanza of the Hindu theme , using emblematic dress, body motion, expressions or mudras (pointing or hint idiom) set out in pristine Sanskrit literature. This is featured or learnt as a united of basic dance motif called the Bhangas (symmetrical body flexion, stance). It inset lower (footwork), middle (torso) or uppermost (hands or head) like 3 sources of perfecting demonstration and viewer affiance with geometrical similarity or rhythmic music echo. a Odissi execution repertory comprise invocation, nritta (net dance), nritya (meaningful dance), natya (dance play) or moksha (dance climax connotate liberty of the spirit or psychical liberation). Traditionary Odissi dance exists in 2 general styles, 1st improved by female or focussed on deep, spiritual shrine dance (maharis); the 2nd improved by mens costume as womens (gotipuas) which differenced to comprise athletic or acrobatic activity, or were played from festal things in temples to common accommodating entertainment. present-days Odissi output by Indian maestro have offered a various spectrum of practical ideas, civilization fusion, themes or drama. the Odissi was only a Indian dance style offered in Michael Jackson’s 1991 fruitful singlar Black and White.


The roots of Odissi was found in Natya Shastra, the Old Hindu Sanskrit recital of dramatics arts. basic dancing ace mentioned in Natyashastra, 108 all of them, was equal to those in Odissi. Natya Shastra credit goes to the pristine savant Bharata Muni, and his 1st total collection is dated around between 200 BCE to 200 CE, but guess between 500 BCE to 500 CE. The most hoped for translation of Natya Shastra recital formation of concerning 6000 poetry formatted at 36 sections. The text, expressed Natalia Lidova, set out the law of Tāṇḍava dance (Shivaa), the law of rasa, of bhāva, gestures, executive techniques, key steps, standing postion – all are the part of Indian classical dance. Dance or play arts, tells this old text, are a genre of expression of metaphysical ideas, attributes or the summary of vedas. Natya Shastra describes to 4 instinct (law of meaningful delivery) in prevalence – Dakshinatya,Avanti, Odra-Magadhi or Panchali ; of these, the Odra describes to Odisha.

More straight historic proof of dance or music as a old play art was found in archaeologic centers as like caverns or in the temple engravings of Bhubaneswar, Puri or Konarak. The Manchapuri cavern in Udayagiri point engravings of musicians or dance, or that has been dated at the moment of Jain prince Kharavela in 1st and 2nd centenary BCE. The Hathigumpha petrographs, also was dated to the homological prince, described dance or music:

The musical sequence of Odisha also has old foundation. Archaeologists having reported the search of twenty-clef, sharply shaped finished basalt lithophone into Sankarjang, the Odisha highlands, was dated around 1000 BCE.

Basic moves and mudras

bhangas are The basic ace of Odissi dance. they are made up with 8 belis, and body phases or motions, mixed in several diversitys. movements is uthas (nascency and rising), baithas (posture and down) and sthankas (standing). The moves and motion at the dance panel is called chaalis, with the motion tempo mixed to gestures ethically to classical Sanskrit texts. so, for instance, burhas and quickly speed inform excitation, whereas a slow confused speed informs despair. For esthetics, motion is centralized on a basic, a bindu in space and ground, or every dancer has her dreamy category of space, with spins and demonstration keep within it. The leg movement and pada bhedas has also dance basic units, or Odissi takes six of these, in against to four found in major part Indian classical dances.

There are three elementary dance position in Odissi dance:

  • Samabhanga – The square stand, by weight uniformly placed on the both legs, straight back, arms raised up with elbows bent.
  • Abhang – due to serious foot diversion, body load shifts from side by side, while the feet or marrowbone are diverted outwards, or 1 hip expanding sideways.
  • Tribhanga – is a S-shaped 4 twist bias of body, with the trunk turning in 1 side as the skull or hips folding in against side of trunk. ahead, the foots or hands draft the body in a farraginous of 2 squares (rectangle), giving a esthetic structure of context. it is referred in the pristine Sanskrit texts, or aspects of this are found in the another Hindu dancing kalaa, however tribhanga positions evolved majority in or are especial to Odissi, or these are found in the historical Hindoo shrine pleasure.

Hastas and Mudras are hands pointing who are used to manifest the signification of a passed act. as like all Indian classical dances, the goal of Odissi is in piece to deliver emotions, spirit or internal imaginations in the tale from suitable hand or facial gestures. 63 Hastas are in recent Odissi dancing, or they having the common names and framework like them in the pan-Indian Hindoo texts, however most nearby matching them in the Abhinaya Chandrika. which are subdivided at three, ethically to the traditionary texts:

odissi dance mudras

  • Asamyukta Hasta – Singular hasta Mudras – 28 types (pointing, for example to communicate a salame, praying, clasp, energy, bond, swing, cart, shell, shaft, keeping a item, wheel, and here upon on.)
  • Samyukta Hasta – both hand Mudras – 24 types (pointing, for example to hint a flag, moon, kinds of animal and birds, flower, function as greedy, and so on.)
  • Nrutya Hand – “net Dance” Mudras

The Mudra system is derived from the “Abhinaya Darpana” by Nandikeshavara and the ancient Natya Shastra of Bharata Muni.

odissi dance costume

in Odissi dance, the artist are dressed colorfully with the makeup or jewellery. The Odissi dancers wear Saree which is brightly coloured, and which is ordinarily of local silk (Pattasari), it’s weared with pleats, and a pleat tailor may have stitched in front, to give maximal flexibility throughout the footwork. the traditional imprints of Odisha with provincial designs or deckings, or probably the Sambalpuri Saree or Bomkai Saree.

The silver rags, a metal favoured are included in the jewellery in regional tradition. The hair is binded above, and normally drawn in a detailed bun analogical an Hindu temple top, and equipped with Seenthi. the moon figure crest of white flowers may be contain in Their hairstyle, and a indian corn crown called Mukoot with peacock feathers (symbolism for Lord Krishna). the tikka is marked on the dancers forehead, or and graceful with multiple jewelry like as the Allaka (skull piece on where the tikka hangs). the kajal is apply in the eyes.

The ear rings spruce the sides of the head, as necklace decorates the neck. The armlets pair wear by the dancers which is called Bahichudi and Bajuband, on the upper arm. The wrist covered by the Kankana or bangles. a elaborate belt is wear on the waist who ties down 1 end the Sari. the bells which is called ghungroo decoreted the ankles. the palms or soles of the dancers may be painted by red coloured dye which is called Alta.

The dhoti is wear by the male dancers in modern odissi – an broadcloth binded around waist, pleated for motion, or tucked between foot; normally expands to knee and lower. The Upper body is bare chested, or Upper body is bare chested, and an long skinny tortile translucent sheet wrapping over 1 shoulder or ordinarily tucked down an wide belt.

To know about bharatanatyam history or kathak dance so you can also know the guinness world records kuchipudi dance on Indian dance world
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