Before knowing Indian classical dance forms and their states, we need to know about Indian classical dance which is most important things before divided classical dances into states.
Indian classical dance is also called Shastriya Devesh, is a term of various dance arts that’s rooted from Hindu शास्त्रीय संगीत or Musical theatre styles, whose Principles and exercises can be traced into the Sanskrit text Natya Shastra.
Indian classical dances are the traditional art as a expressive drama-dance or play of religious performance dance. Which is related to Shaktism, pan-Hindu Epics,Vaishnavism, Shaivism, or the vedic literature texts, or an accommodating entertainment which includes story telling by regional language plays or Sanskrit. as an devotional dance, which are performed either inside the sanctum of temples and near that. the Folksy dance can also be performed in the temple grounds or any other fairground, Normally in the Rural setting by travelling groups of dancers; alternatively, they has been performed into the halls of an royal courts or an public classes during festivals.
If we talking about the number of classical dances, so the recognized classical dances limit from 8 to more than it, which are depending on the scholar and source. The Sangeet Natak Academy has recognizes eight classical forms – Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Sattriya, Mohiniyattam and Manipuri. Chhau, Yakshagana and Bhagavata Mela added to list by Scholars such as Drid Williams. Besides; the Indian Ministry of Culture adds Chhau into its classical dance list, These dances are normally regional, in which includes music and discourse in local language or Sanskrit, and which describes an unity of main ideas in a diversity of dance styles, costumes and expression.
So before going to categories Indian classical dances form as state wise, we need to know something about them, lets know one by one –
Bharatanatyam: was also known as “Dasiyattam” since from performed in the Tamil nadu temples by Devadasies . which is the oldest or major dance form of indian classical dance. The meaning of bharatanatyam derived from the basic concepts of Bhava, Raga and Thaala. Which is comes from an south indian state tamil nadu temples. The Theoretical foundation of this classical dance was found in Natya Shastra. to know more about bharatnatyam history you can go with given link.
Kathak: the other major part of Indian classical dance form, the origin of the dance style traditionally based on the travelling bards of old northern india called as storytellers or Kathakars. The kathak word is derived from Vedic Sanskrit word “Katha” which means “story”. and if you wanna know the meaning of kathakars; which is means “the one who tells a story” Kathakars communicated stories through dance and music in a equal manners to older Greek theatre from the epics and ancient mythology. The kathak artist tells several stories via their hand movements and comprehensive footwork, but the face expressions of kathak artist most important in stories telling. The kathak dance is developed during bhakti movement; especially incorporating the childhood stories of the Hindu lord shree Krishna. also with freely in the north Indian courts.
Kathakali: is a major part of Indian classical dance. This is an “story play or drama” style of art, but one reputed by elaborately colorful costumes, makeup, and face masks so the traditionally men artist-dancers wear. kathakali is the Hindu performance dance from southwestern part of India in Malayalam speaking. The roots of kathakali are not clear, but the origin of kathakali is from Hindu temples of Kerala in India. Kathakalī are the traditional themes based on mythologies, religious legends and spiritual ideas, which is comes from the Puranas or Hindu epics. Note: Now the most Common Confusions is created between kathak and kathakali dance, so you can clear this confusion by reading the difference between kathak and kathakalidance.
kuchipudi: Kuchipudi is an part of indian classical dance, The Roots of kuchipudi dance are found in the Hindu Sanskrit text of Natya Shastra. It is evolved as a devotional art linked to traveling bards, as like temples and spiritual beliefs, like other major indian classical dances. the authentication of kuchipudi’s dance being in an ancient version are found in the copper शिलालेखों of the 10th century. Kuchipudi largely evolved as an Hindu Lord Krishna-oriented वैष्णव tradition, or which is very closely concerned to Bhagavata Mela. But kuchipudi dance makes India proud many times in the world by making kuchipudi dance guinness record.
Odissi: a classical dance style of india, Odissi is originated from the indian state “odisha”. which is also known as Orissi in the older literature. also a major partb of indian classical dance which is developed in Hindu temples of an eastern coastal state (Odisha) of India. if we see in the history of Odissi dance, was mainly performed by women, and explained devotional stories and spiritual ideas, especially of Vaishnavism (Vishnu as Jagannath). Odissi performances have also explained ideas of another traditions like as which related to Hindu Lords Shiva and Surya, also Hindu goddesses (Shaktism). If you want to learn all about odissi dance, so you can go with given links.
Sattriya: Sattriya Nritya or Sattriya dance is originated in the eastern state of India (Assam). it is also an drama-dance performance art, which is developed in Krishna-centered Vaishnavism monasteries of Assam state, and ascribe to the 15 century the bhakti movement savant and sage Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev. In 2000 recognized as a classical dance of India by Sangeet Natak Akademi, in modern sattriya dance find out many themes or plays, performances staged worldwide. To know A to Z information about Sattriya dance, so you can read everything about sattriya dance.
Mohiniyattam : one of the famous classical dance of india is Mohiniyattam (Malayalam: മോഹിനിയാട്ടം), which is also developed in the state (kerala) of India. The name Mohiniyattam comes from the word Mohini, what was a mythological avatar of the Hindu Lord Vishnu, which helps good conquer over evil by evalutive her feminine powers. The roots of mohiniyattam, are in the Natyashastra – the old Hindu Sanskrit text on performance kalaa, like all classical dances. but it is adheres the Lasya style mentioned in Natya Shastra, this is a dance form which is fragile, eros-filled and feminine. It is a traditionally solo dance performed by female after elaborate training. But mohiniyattam dance has many transformations from history to modern to know into deep about mohiniyattam you can go with given link on Mohiniyattam dance.
Manipuri: This dance is also known as Jagoi, Manipuri dance is also a part of classical dance of India. Which is originated in the (Manipur) northeastern state of India. The name of Manipur dance named after the region of its. this dance is particularly famous for its Hindu Vaishnavism themes, excellent performances of love-inspired dance play of Krishna-Radha named Raslila. although, this manipuri dance is also performed on themes which is related to Shaivism, Shaktism and regional gods such as Umang Lai during Lai Haraoba.
Chhau : Chhau dance, it is also called as Chau or Chhaau, is an semi classical dance of india by tribal, martial and folk traditions. which is found in 3 dance styles named after the spot where they are performed. The Purulia Chau (Bengal), the Seraikella Chau (Jharkhand), the Mayurbhanj Chau (Odisha).
Yakshagana: it is an traditional Indian theatre dance form, evolved in the Uttara Kannada, Shimoga, Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and the western parts of Chikmagalur districts, in the state ( Karnataka ) of india, and in the Kasaragod district in Kerala which is combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage arts with an peerless style and form. It is believed to have developed from pre-classical music and theatre throughout the time of bhakti periods. Sometimes simply it is also called “Aata” or āṭa. This dance style is principally found in coastal areas of Karnataka in the different forms. this dance is traditionally played from dusk to dawn. its stories are based on Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and others epics from both jain and Hindu and another ancient Indian traditions.
Now let’s start knowing Indian classical dance forms with their states
Tamil Nadu: A
South state of India, it is famous for Hindu temples. And the bharatanatyam
dance is also developed in the Tamil Nadu Hindu temples. And temple statues of
6th to 9th century CE suggest bharatanatyam was a well pure performance art by
the mid 1st millennium CE.
has a great dance history around 50 forms of dances. and the kathakali and
Mohiniyattam dances also comes from Kerala state of India, and others these
dances Chakyar Koothu Koodiyattam, Theyyam, Thiruvathirakali, are the main
dances of Kerala.
Uttar Pradesh: a
northern and the most populous state of India. The world famous dance form of Indian
classical dance, kathak is also comes from Uttar Pradesh.
Pradesh: a south-eastern coastal zone of
India. It is also formally known as the “Andhra” state. Kuchipudi
dance one of the eleven major classical dance form of India is developed or
origin in the Andhra Pradesh state. This dance is developed in a village named
kuchipudi in Andhra Pradesh.
eastern coast state of India, it is well known for its tribal civilizations and
its several ancient Hindu temples. The classical dance odissi is originated in
the Odisha state.
Assam: a north-eastern
state of India, world famous for its wildlife, archeological sites and tea
plantations. But it is also famous for their Folk dances, Sattriya dance is
also a part of their folk dances of Assam, Sattriya dance originated in the Assam
north-eastern state of India, the Imphal is the capital of Manipur. and the a
classical dance manipuri is originated in the manipur state of india. the dance
named is also based on state name, and that is also known as Jagoi.
Jharkhand: an eastern state of India, Jharkhand is well known for its waterfalls, elegant Jain temple (Parasnath Hills) and tigers and elephants of Betla National Park. and it is also world famous for Jagannath Temple in Ranchi. but a semi classical dance chhau dance is originated in the Jharkhand state. Karnataka: an southwest state of india with Arabian Sea coastlines. Bangalore (Bengaluru ) is the capital of Karnataka, which is well known for its nightlife. its is known for their folk dances, but if we talking about classical dances, Karnataka given Yakshagana dance to India. This is also a part of Indian classical dance.
So, guys hope you have understand all about Indian
classical dance forms and their states.