India is a country of south Asia but its unique in the world for its culture because in this country have 29 states or every states has its own culture, and dance is the way to introduce and present culture in a dramatically way and Indian people introduce and celebrate their culture through dance that is called Indian dance or Indian folk dance..
Jammu and Kashmir the state of the India. it is one of the most popular for its beauty, tradition and its culture. In this state has various art or dance forms which are usually performed and the kud dance form is one of the most famous dance of mountain region from Jammu and Kashmir. It is an devotional kind folk dance what is totally based on giving honors to Lok devatas. This is the way to say thanks to God through performance and the dancers mostly perform during night . The best feature of this folk dance, all age people and sex can participate in this folk dance form, to perform this folk dance people use many musical instrument like flute, drum, narshingha or chhaina. The rhythm of music that directs the movements of all participates.
Himachal Pradesh is another hills station and state of India, it’s famous for its culture and tradition and there is most popular folk art and dance form which is called Nati this the cultural and traditional dance form and this folk dance is perform for new year festival celebration, it is donated as a largest folk dance of country and its also mentioned in the books of genius world record. Nati dance is also perform in several states like Uttrakhand and Chandigarh.
There are seven type of various in the nati folk dance. Some are most popular mahasuvi nati, sirmauri nati, kinnauri nati or lahauli nati. and Two aspects in these dance makes it unique and different.
The Punjab is the state which is the birth place of bhangra dance and it is also an folk and traditional dance of India. The Bhangra dance form is originated in the Sialkot district of Punjab, and bhangra dance is mostly perform at the time of coming spring harvest festival baisakhi, and this dance is mostly perform at music of dhol but in the current time it is most popular at worldwide and non-Indian people also want to learn this dance form.
The bhangra dance is started by the farmers of Punjab state around 14th and 15th century for celebrate the harvest season. But as per current time bhangra is used for all major celebrations in Punjab such as festival or wedding.
The costumes for bhangra dance are very bright, bold or colorful which is symbolize to joyful and happiness nature of the occasion. And the bhangra costume color has different means for examples. Yellow color is used to symbolize for sarson or mustard, and the green one is used to symbolize for prosperity or red/saffron are used to symbolize for auspicious occasion itself.
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The karagattam is a folk dance of tamilnadu. It is also know with another name karagam. It is the an ancient dance form. The performance of karagram dance is to giving honor and praise of rain to goddess mariamman. To perform this beautiful folk dance people use water pot during the performance which is use to balance it on their heads perfectly. The best feature of this dance is any of the gender can perform this folk dance, but there is a changes in the performance at the time of performance woman use the water pots to balance on there heads or ether mans perform this folk dance they use the rolling block of wood to balance on their shoulder but its not easy to perform this dance with balancing equipment’s it is too much difficult to dance.
The major genre of Indian classical dance is bharatanatyam which is originated in the state of Tamil-Nadu it is also a traditional or folk dance. Bharatanatyam is a solo dance exclusively by women.
The bharatanatyam’s theoretical foundation is the ancient of Sanskrit test by Bharat muni, natya shastra. It’s existence around 2nd century which if noted in ancient of Tamil epics silappatikaram, the bharatantyam may be the oldest classical dance of India.
Bharatnatyam dance form is famous for its body movements or steps. In this dance form mostly focus on the fixed upper torso, legs bent and knees flexed out combined with spectacular foot moves. Or a sophisticated work is to move hands, eyes with gestures.
Dressing style of bharatnatyam dance is similar with Tamil married bride, during the performance women’s wear a tailor made Saree that is a consider as a cloth for women in India, or used many other things with Saree to makeup herself jawallery, nose pine, ear rings, ghunghru many more this she used to dance.
kathakali It is an traditional, dramatically dance form and we can also called it storytelling dance form in India. Kathakali dance form is originated in the state of Kerala, and the Kerala is the home of several traditional dance forms. The kathakali also a oldest one theater dance form, it is totally based upon Hinduism ancients like Purana, Ramayana, Mahabharata. This form is most famous for its makeup and consumes what are used at the time of performance.
the roots of kathakali are unclear but it’s started around 16th-17th century back or its roots are developed in the temples and it comes from Krishnaattam that is also a dance form what are totally dedicated to lord Krishna survival activities which is created around 1585-1658 AD by Mr. zamorian who is also from Calicut the city of Kerala. Once the king of Kottarakkara who attracted by Krishnanattam. And He requested to Zamorin for the troupe of performers. Due to the political rivalry, Zamorin did not allow this. So that’s why Kottarakkara Thampuran created another one art form called ramanattam. The King of erstwhile Vettathu kingdom introduced to Ramanattam and renamed it as Kathakali, or king of Kottayam took measures to popularize this art form.
Choreography of a kathakali dance not a easy things its is too much difficult. For choreograph a performance There is many points that should be focus. The main point is mudra because kakhakali dance form is totally based upon mudras. There are 24 types of mudras those are used to choreographed a song or theme. In a simple way know the mudras we can say it steps or movement of hands.
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Kalaripayattu is a fighting system or a art which is originated as a dance style in the north Malabar, Kerala. The kalaripayattu is a combination of 2 words kalari and payattu which describes battlefield, threshing floor or fight in Malayalam . And kalaripayattu is the oldest art and dance form of martial art in India