Sattriya (Assamese: सौभाग्य है ), or the Sattriya dance, is comes from the eastern state of india (Assam). It is an dance or play art with genesis in the monasteries of Assam Krishna-centralize Vaishnavism, or resposible to the 15th centenary Bhakti action scholar or saint Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev.
one-act drama a part of Sattriya dance is also called Ankiya Nat, in which include aesthetic or the devotional through a ballade, play and dance. usually plays are performed into the community halls of monastery shrines which also called sattras. the topics of played refer to lord Radha and Krishna, occasionally another lord vishnu avatars such as Sita and Ram.
In 2000 Sattriya recognized as a Indian classical dance from Sangeet Natak Akademi of India. In Modern days this dance discovered numerous themes or plays, its presenting worldwide staged.
Let’s know into Deep with its History.
A Classical dance of india is Sattriya, its Roots traces into pristine drama or music versions of India, Mainly The Natya Shastra. The Natya Shastra is a basis tractate on the performing kalaa attributed to pristine scholar Bharata Muni. the first whole collection is dated around between 200 BCE and 200 CE, however estimates differ amid 500 BCE or 500 CE.The very well-read version of the Natya Shastra text contains of around 6000 stanza designed into 36 sections. The text, states Natalia Lidova, delineate the principle of Tandava nritya (Shiva), the principle of rasa, of expression, fundamental steps, or standing postures – which all are the piece of classical dances. Dance or play arts, describe this pristine text, are an aspect of manifestation of spiritual ideas, qualities or the summary of scriptures.
Dance history of this art in assam go back in antiquity, as Shown by copper plate inscriptions or sculptural art related to Shaivism or Shaktism convention. Singing and musical traditions, ditto, have been marked to Assamese chorister singing tradition for the Hindoo epics the Ramayana or the Mahabharata.
The newly form of Sattriya is ascribed to 15th centenary Sankaradeva, which arranged the art using the pristine texts, or proposed play and meaningful dancing (nritta or nritya) like a form of an society virtuous art for sentimental devotion to Krishna. after coming 15th century, this Sattriya dance art soared as an part of Vaishnava bhakti agitation, in Hindoo monasteries known as Sattra. The art was evolved or exercised by sadhu in the form dance-plays regards legends or mythologies of Krishna, especially by texts such as the Bhagavata Purana. An especial portion of sattriya dance into monastery and temples is that the celebrated of dance is not done before any idol, but is only featured before an copy of the Bhagavata Purana location in oriental (sunrise) nook known as Manikut of the dancing hall (namghar).
in the starting days, these dance or play, was written or designed by the Assamese poet-sage Sankaradeva, or by his senior pupil Madhavadeva. these were mostly written in 16th centenary. one day the domain of the male monks, Now it’s also performed by male as well as womens artist. Into the 2nd half of 20th centenary, this Nritya moved from sanctum of Assam’s sattras.
in 2000, Sattriya Nritya recognised as an official indian classical dance by The Sangeet Natak Academy, now these are performed at the world stage.
The Sattriya dance classified into many parts : Apsara dance,Chali dance,Behar dance,Manchok dance,Dasavatara dance,Rasa dance,Natua dance,Gosai Prabesh,Rajaghariya Chali dance, Jhumura,Bar Prabesh,Gopi Prabesh,Sutradhara or Nadu Bhangi dance, to name however a some – and these are some counterparts in of item in bharatanatyam. same like other seven schools of classical dance of india, Sattriya dance compasses the theories expected of an indian classical dance style : the thesis of drama and dance, as Natyashastra, Sangit Ratnakara or Abhinaya Darpana; an separate repertoire (marg) or the side of nritta (pure nritya), andnatya (drama), nritya (meaningful dance).
Sattriya dance Costumes
The Sattriya nritya costume is primarily to two variants: the dhoti and chadar and the pagri ( turban) for male costume, and for the female dancer are ghuri, chadar and kanchi (waist fabric). Normally the costumes of sattriya dance were raw silk color or white of with use of red, yellow or blue for distinct dance marks. mostly in the earlier time the satin and velvet fabrics were used for the dance costumes. with time change, like this dance style developed from the sattras to stage. the materials design of the costumes changed. Pat (also spelled paat) – a types of silk which is produced in the assam state of india comes from the mulberry plant or muga silk is also used for preparing the costumes. other shining colours are also used for preparing women dance costumes. These hand-made materials generally have complex local motifs as Kingkhap, Miri Motif, Kolka et cetera.
the uses of drama-distinct costumes are also noticed in Sattriya nritya. the yellow and blue dress are used for Krishna dance and Nadubhangi dance with the costume of Lord Krishna. the white costume is also specificly use for Sutradhar Nritya with a special turban.
the Ankiya Naats (plays) costumes are character specific and colourful . To delineate demons and special characters are use Mukha (Masks) which is also a unique dance. making mask is a integral part of Sattriya culture and generated from the Sattras of Assam. the well decorated crowns or turbans prepared by the provincial artisans are used for Ankiya Naats.
in these years, the great acceptance or patronage of Sattriya dance has received from the both outside of assam state or out of india. for promoting the dance art, one of the Sattriya dancer is overseas Madam Kavitha Supramaniam from Malaysia. an accomplish dancer is Madam Kavitha Supramanaim; learning this art with close guidance by her honor guru Preeti Chowdhury (Assam).
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